How the government is failing to regulate toxins harming our kids by Aviva Romm, Yale MD
I recently read the textbook of Environmental Health. Dr. Philip Landrigan, the lead editor and author of the text, is one of the most respected pediatric environmental medicine doctors in the country. He helped get the lead out of our kids’ lives, literally, by exposing its harm and helping to create policies that protect children from lead exposure. Did you know that the average IQ of kids in the US was actually 5 points lower until the 1990s due to chronic lead exposure? He helped change that. Landrig an’s worthy co-author is Dr. Ruth Etzel, the scientist who revealed the harm of second-hand smoke to kids.
“Only 5 chemicals have been banned under the Toxic Substance Control Act in over 35 years.“
62,000 Toxic Chemicals & Failed Legislation.
“Never underestimate the power of a small group of committed people to change the world. In fact, it is the only thing that ever has.”Margaret Mead.
The Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA), passed in 1976, is the US federal law that regulates industrial and consumer chemicals – the thousands of synthetic chemicals in use that are not intended to be used in medication, cosmetics, foods, or pesticides. At the time this law was passed, the EPA was charged with creating an inventory of all existing chemicals, which were then to be tested for safety. At that time there were already about 62,000 existing chemicals. Rather than being tested. however, they were “presumed safe” and were “grandfathered in.” Only 5 chemicals have been banned under the TSCA in over 35 years. Yes 5! Do you find that as shocking as I do?
The EPA has otherwise been entirely unable to require testing on, regulate, or remove any of the remaining chemicals from the marketplace. Only a few states in the US – California, New York, and Massachusetts among them – have state laws relevant to children’s environmental health. California put legislation in place so that by 2012, 1200 chemicals identified by the EPA were to be regulated; NY, MA, and CA require commercial pesticide applicators and farmers to report pesticide application to the state, and CT has banned BPA use in carbonless receipts from banks and retail stores due to its risk of absorption and potential harm to offspring when childbearing women who handle these regularly at work are exposed.
Of the over 80,000 chemicals now in use in the US, it is clear that many are harmful to human physical and neurological development. Exposure at various vulnerable times during pregnancy, infancy, early childhood, and even though the teenage years when the lungs, endocrine, and nervous systems are still developing, can result in the same health problems increasing amongst our children including those mentioned earlier. Because of their surface area to body weight ratio and immature detoxification abilities, most toxins impact children’s health harder than they do us grownups.
Recently, I was reading some facts out to my husband about the significantly increased rates of health problems our kids are facing. My husband is a gracious sounding board. He generally listens well and gives me honest feedback. “Babe, do you think this info is going to be too scary for moms to read?” he asked me. “Well, I don’t want to scare moms, but here’s the thing…do you yell fire when you see smoke? Or do you wait until the house is burning down?” I replied.
I continued, “I think the house is on fire, and someone needs to be telling moms the truth, so we can do our best to put it out! Think about it, when our kids were little, ADHD was a new term. Few of us knew a family with a child with autism. Think of all the families we know now whose kids are struggling with ADHD diagnoses, how many patients I treat with autism, and how many kids I see with asthma, allergies, food intolerances, eczema, anxiety, depression, obesity, autoimmune diseases, early puberty, and so much more. There’s really a problem going on – and getting worse!”
By the end of our conversation, he was fully on board for the full truth to be told about the magnitude of risks our children are facing from toxic environmental chemical exposures and the fact that our government is failing to protect us.
I know this is scary stuff. I promise that I don’t mean to be scary. That’s the last thing I want to do. But I’ve got daughters and a daughter-in-law in their childbearing years, and two young grandchildren I want to protect, so I want to know this stuff. I’m sharing the same information with you that I think should be available to them.
We cannot assume that just because chemicals are in common trade and usage that they have been evaluated for safety by our government or any other scientific board, nor that they have been approved. Most are not and have not. We’re strong women who can face the truth and do something strong and positive and powerful with it to protect our kids, our neigh bor’s kids, and kids in other countries who are still getting exposed to those same chemicals that have been banned for use in our country. We’ve got to take matters into our own hands and be the CEOs of our family’s health!
What You Can Do to Protect Your Children from Environmental Toxins.
1. OPTIMIZE NUTRITION
Great nutrition has two key benefits – eating natural foods with as little packaging and as few additives, colorings, pesticides, and herbicides as possible reduces chemical exposures for our kids (even after just 5 days of switching to mostly organic produce, kids’ blood levels of toxic agricultural chemicals go way down). Also, good nutrition boosts our natural ability to detoxify environmental toxins. I recommend that kids get at least two brightly colored fruits or vegetables at each meal (think carrots, blueberries, and squash, for example).
2. GET EDUCATED & REDUCE EXPOSURES
Knowing which industrial, household and personal products (i.e., shampoos, lotions, and sunscreens) are most toxic is key to protecting your child’s health. You also need to know which the healthier alternatives are. I am a huge fan of The Environmental Working Group, which has recently merged with Healthy Child, Healthy World, another of my favorite environmental advocacy groups. Other advocacy groups I love are my friend Robyn O’Brien’s Allergy Kids, and Beth Lambert’s Epidemic Answers. And you can join me as a student in Healthy All Year, my newest online course, where I take you through doing a home audit for optimal children’s health and teach you which products to avoid and which are safest to use.
3. DON’T BE AFRAID TO BE CALLED “MEAN MOMMY” AND OTHER NAMES
Yes, my kids called me “mean mommy” because I refused to let them wear the cool pajamas their friends were wearing – the ones treated with flame retardant chemicals. Now, 25 or so years later, the data is unequivocal. Flame retardants are seriously hazardous to our health, and more so to young children whose exposures far outweigh our own, and in whom exposures at critical times may have a detrimental impact on immunity, hormones (including those that impact obesity), and neurological health. While we want our kids to live comfortably in the world, and not make life feel too restrictive, how comfortable is obesity or a hormone problem, really? It’s our job to be parents and that means keeping our kids out of harm’s way when we can, even if it makes us temporarily unpopular. Besides, now my kids thank me. Yours will, too. It just may not be until they are adults!
4. SPEAK UP
It’s amazing what powerful mothers have accomplished in making policy changes in their children’s environments from toxic paints and toxic foods in schools to environmental dumping, fracking, and chemical waste plant leaks. Creating a coalition of moms in your community is no small task, but clearly, the government isn’t going to clean this problem up for us, so we’ve got to be activists for our children’s health! Talk to school officials, school boards, and legislators about issues in your community.
Rally, hassle, be the squeaky wheel, get loud, yell fire!
To your health, and your children’s.